Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (lgbt) rights in japan are relatively progressive by asian standards. Same-sex sexual activity was criminalised only briefly in japans history between 18, after which a localised version of the napoleonic penal code was adopted with an equal age of consent. Japans culture and major religions do not have a history of hostility towards homosexuality. A majority of japanese citizens are reportedly in favor of accepting homosexuality, with a 2013 poll indicating that 54 percent agreed that homosexuality should be accepted by society, while 36 percent disagreed, with a large age gap. Although many political parties have not openly supported or opposed lgbt rights, there are several openly lgbt politicians in office. Records of men who have sex with men in japan date back to ancient times. Western scholars have identified these as evidence of homosexuality in japan. Though these relations had existed in japan for millennia, they became most apparent to scholars during the tokugawa (or edo) period. Historical practices identified by scholars as homosexual include shud (), wakashud () and nanshoku (). In a 2008 report by the un human rights committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against lgbt people in several areas, including housing. According to article 23(1) of japans public housing law, it only applies to married and unmarried different-sex couples. However, in october of 2012, the japanese government stated that article 23(1) was abolished and, therefore, same-sex. Bans all anti-gay discrimination transgender persons can change their legal gender and name without surgeries or judicial order since 2016 brazil legal since 1831 un decl. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (lgbt) people in the united states may face legal and social challenges not experienced by non-lgbt residents. Many lgbt rights in the united states have been legalized by the united states supreme court, but they continue to vary by jurisdiction, and discrimination in jobs and housing is still legal in most states. 1903 in new york city on 21 february 1903, new york police conducted the first united states recorded raid on a gay bathhouse, the ariston hotel baths. 34 men were arrested and 12 brought to trial on sodomy charges 7 men received sentences ranging from 4 to 20 years in prison. 1906 potentially the first openly gay american novel with a happy ending, imre, is published. Leaders of the religious right were squarely behind ronald reagan in the 1980 election. Democratic leaders had everything to gain and little to lose by supporting gay rights, so they inserted a new plank in the party platform all groups must be protected from discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, language, age, sex or. gay rights life under section 28 - bbc newsnight - duration 847. In 2017 he co-curated the exhibition gay uk love, law and liberty at the british library. Stevens research interests include memory, activism and identity in contemporary culture. He led investigations into the audio and audio visual academic book of the future during 2016, and continues to work with research communities engaged in multimodal digital publishing. (2007) different daughters a history of the daughters of bilitis and the rise of the lesbian rights movement.