In 1991, after consistent pressure from gay and lesbian immigration task force (glitf), the migration amendment act (no. 2) 1991 (cth) was passed, amending the migration act 1958 (cth) to allow australian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their same-sex partners to australia through a new interdependency visa. Lyons followed the exploits of scottish-born adventurer and noted homosexual william drummond stewart, a military nobleman known for his gay adventures in the american west. Stewarts travels and other historical facts make for some eye opening revelations about the queer frontier. Queer theory is a field of critical theory that emerged in the early 1990s out of the fields of queer studies and womens studies. Queer theory includes both queer readings of texts and the theorization of queerness itself. Clarify heavily influenced by the work of lauren berlant, leo bersani, judith butler, lee edelman, jack halberstam, and eve kosofsky sedgwick, queer theory builds both. A pioneer in the field of lgbt immigration law sharon dulberg was involved in the early 1990s with the filing of some of the first lgbt asylum cases. She worked closely with national center for lesbian rights and international gay and lesbian human rights commission providing free legal services through clinics and community education. National coalition for gay and lesbian equality and another v minister of justice and others is a decision of the constitutional court of south africa which struck down the laws prohibiting consensual sexual activities between men. Basing its decision on the bill of rights in the constitution and in particular its explicit prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation the. The history of the city of san francisco, california, and its development as a center of maritime trade, were shaped by its location at the entrance to a large natural harbor. San francisco is the name of both the city and the county the two share the same boundaries. Only lightly settled by european-americans at first, after becoming the base for the gold rush of 1849, the city quickly became. Western author willa cather is perhaps the most famous lesbian of the old west era, at least, according to a 1988 book gay men & women who enriched the world by thomas cowan. And yet again, american indian cultures had far less problem with this subject than their anglo neighbors.